Thursday, July 4, 2019

Computer programming can be good for everyone?

Computer programming can be good for everyone?


Computer science drives job growth and innovation throughout our economy and society and is considered the new literacy for all students. Computing occupations are the number one source of all new wages around the world.  Computer science is for everyone. Anyone can learn to program. But programming is just a small part of computer science.


A program is a set of step-by-step instructions that directs the computer to do the tasks you want it to do and produce the results you want. A set of rules that provides a way of telling a computer what operations to perform is called a programming language. There is not just one programming language; there are many such as Java, C language, Python, PHP, etc.


Different programming languages support different styles of programming (called programming paradigms). The choice of language used is subject to many considerations, such as company policy, suitability to task, availability of third-party packages, or individual preference. Ideally, the programming language best suited for the task at hand will be selected.


The term computer programmer can refer to a specialist in one area of computer programming or to a generalist who writes code for many kinds of software.


Types of a computer programmer



  • Computer hardware programmer – Computers have their own machine language that they are able to understand and take instructions from. Computer hardware programmers write these instructions in a specific machine language (code) so that a computer knows what to do when someone presses the power button, types on the keyboard, or uses the mouse. They also write code so that text can be displayed when the computer turns on.




  • Web developer – Computer programs that design, create, and modify the millions of websites found on the Internet are called web developers. These types of computer programmers use software that allows them the ability to dictate what kinds of functions people are able to do when they access a website. Web developers start by analyzing a user’s needs before designing and structuring a website. They also add applicable graphics, audio, and video components if needed.




  • Software developer – Software developers are computer programmers who focus on designing and managing programming functions. A function is a section of organized, reusable code that is used to perform an action Functions can also be called methods, subroutines, and procedures. It is possible for software developers to build entire software applications with only functions.




  • Database developers – A database that is an organized collection of data, collects, arranges, sorts and retrieves related pieces of information. It runs behind the scenes of user software and websites and is generally stored and accessed electronically from a computer system. Database developers are responsible for creating and implementing computer databases. These types of computer programmers will analyze the data needs of a company and then produce an effective database system to meet those needs.



What does a computer programmer actually do?


In general, the programmer’s job is to convert problem solutions into instructions for the computer. That is, the programmer prepares the instructions of a computer program and runs those instructions on the computer, tests the program to see if it is working properly, and makes corrections to the program.


The programmer also writes a report on the program. These activities are all done for the purpose of helping a user fills a need, such as paying employees, billing customers, or admitting students to college.


A computer programmer figures out the process of designing, writing, testing, debugging/troubleshooting and maintaining the source code of computer programs. This source code is written in a programming language so the computer can ‘understand’ it. The code may be a modification of an existing source or something completely new.


The purpose of programming is to create a program that produces a certain desired behavior (customization). The process of writing source code often requires expertise in many different subjects, including knowledge of the application domain, specialized algorithms, and formal logic.


The computer programmer also designs a graphical user interface (GUI) so those non-technical users can use the software through easy, point-and-click menu options. The GUI acts as a translator between the user and the software code.


If a program is part of a system of several programs, the programmer coordinates with other programmers to make sure that the programs fit together well. As a programmer, you should also have coordination meetings with users, managers, systems analysts, and with peers who evaluate your work-just as you evaluate theirs.


Why do learn computer programming?


Programming helps you understand computers. A computer is only a tool. If you learn how to write simple programs, you will gain more knowledge about how a computer works.


Writing a few simple programs increases your confidence level. Many people find great personal satisfaction in creating a set of instructions that solve a problem.


Learning programming lets you find out quickly whether you like programming and whether you have the analytical turn of mind programmers need. Even if you decide that programming is not for you, understanding the process certainly will increase your appreciation of what programmers and computers can do.


Computer science is for everyone. The gist of learning computer science is that it is a tool. A tool that you can use to make amazing things, but also a tool that can be used to make your life easier. The goal of computer science is to make machines and computers do the things we don’t want to do, and if you learn computer science, you will learn to harness that tool to make your own life better and your work more interesting.


How to become a computer programmer?


To become a computer programmer, you typically must hold a bachelor’s degree in computer science or a related field. The undergraduate study offers you the opportunity to learn dynamic, object-oriented, and functional languages.


To qualify for senior-level positions, you may need a master’s degree. Graduate programs often combine technical and business-oriented coursework, equipping students with the skills needed to shape and implement an organizational strategy.


Computer programmers need hard skills to succeed in their jobs. While you can develop and practice these skills as a student, most employers prefer to hire candidates with professional programming experience.


If you are an undergraduate student pursuing either an associate or bachelor’s degree, you should consider an internship. Internships offer students the opportunity to learn about the realities of working as a programmer. They can also help you grow your professional network, making it easier to find an entry-level position after graduation.


Mid-level roles, such as a software developer, usually require at least several years of work experience. In addition to keeping your resume updated and requesting letters of recommendation from former supervisors, programmers can benefit from creating a portfolio of their work.


Good programmers take the time to make sure they understand the requirements, push back when necessary and translate business requirements into technical requirements so they can make estimates before work begins.


In an increasingly competitive environment, computer programmers need to stay up to date on the latest technologies and practices in their field. While computer programmers typically need an associate or bachelor’s degree in computer science, employers often prefer candidates who specialize in multiple programming languages or have experience in relevant fields like healthcare or accounting.


Stock photo from REDPIXEL.PL

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